Napoleon, His Army and Enemies.
Armies - Battles - Tactics - Commanders

Vive l'Empereur !
Napoleon on his Imperial throne (wearing his laurel leaf crown).
Painting by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres in 1806.
Source: wikipedia 2006

Certain of mankind's greatest armies have passed like meterors, bursting out of chaos to storm across our history into enduring legend. Some have left us more than a proud tradition; others, a changed world. To the cadenced thunder of their drums they pass, to the lilting of forgotten trumpets, riddled standards high above the Great Captains who shaped and led them: the pikes and muskets of Gustavus Adolphus' tautly disciplined Swedes and Scots, Oliver Cromwell amidst his Ironside horsemen and redcoat infantry,: George Washington's tattered, hard-bitten Continentals; Napoleon's Grande Armee; the lean butternut ranks of Robert Lee's Army of Northern Virginia; George Thomas' indomitable Army of the Cumberland. Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps and George Patton's Third Army were of their lineage.
The Grande Armee was the trenchant instrument with which Napoleon reshaped both Europe and the art of war. Swift marching, furious in the attack, grimly enduring, high-hearted, stubborn in disaster, it still ranks among the few greatest of the great. It also was many men of many different nations - many heroes, not a few cowards, and the multitude who were neither but did their duty as they saw it. Probably no armies in all history have fought such a variety of enemies in so short a space of time as did the French soldiers under Napoleon Bonaparte. - Colonel John Elting, US Army
Napoleon Bonaparte and his mighty Grande Armee were one of the dominant players of the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon himself showed innovative tendencies in his use of mobility to offset numerical disadvantages, as brilliantly demonstrated in several campaigns. The long series of wars formed an extension of the wars originated by the French Revolution. These wars revolutionized European armies and military systems, and took place on a scale never before seen, mainly due to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly, conquering most of Europe; and collapsed after the disastrous invasion of Russia (1812), and Napoleon's empire ultimately suffered military defeat, resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France in 1814 and 1815. The victors in the struggle against Napoleon were the Austrians, Russians, British, Prussians, Spaniards and the French royalists.

Entrare - Wejscie - Entre - Entrer - G in

"If you don't say your prayers,
Boney will come and get you !"

French cuirassiers and infantrymen captured the Great Redoubt at Borodino.
Borodino was the bloodiest battle of the Napoleonic Wars.
Napoleon: "Of all my 50 battles, the most terrible was the one I fought at Borodino."
Incredible picture by Vereshchagin, Russia.

Our website has over 1,800 illustrations, maps, charts, articles about Napoleon's strategy and tactics, about the French, Polish, Prussian, Austrian, Russian and British armies, the Royal Navy, their organization, commanders, uniforms, orders of battles, books, clubs, reenactment groups, Major Sharpie etc. Here are some of the many articles you will find within the website: "The Battle of the Nations", "So which are the best soldiers ?", "The Cowards at Waterloo", "The cruel war in Spain", "Slaughter at Borodino", "The French Army", "The Russian Army", "The Austrian Army", "Napoleonic Unifors", "Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery Combat and Tactics", web polls, humor and much more. Amateur and professional enthusiasts donate their time and effort to collect and create content that is shared here as a public service. If you would like to share your information, articles are invited.
Contributors: Dr. Jean Cerino Badone (articles devoted to the Italian troops, war of the Alps, etc. incl. "Les Compagnies ..."), Dr. Dominique Buresi, A. Nuez and G. Smith (Spanish troops, Portuguese, Peninsula, Spanish guerilla, incl. "The cruel war in Spain" and others), P. Hofschroer (articles devoted to the Prussian army, Blucher, Duke Wellington, and Siborne, incl. articles "Waterloo - The German Victory", "Prussian Troops and Commanders", etc.), M. Townsend, Oliver Schmidt (detailed info on the Prussian army, weapons, tactics and organization), Paolo Gerolla (Vienna Congress, Italian troops, incl. "Il Congresso di Vienna"), Jan Kowalik (info on the Polish troops, campaign of 1806 and 1807, photographs), Nikolai Mozhak (Russian generals, Russian army and history), Rmi B. (French troops), Richard Lysiak (Guard chavauxlegeres), Pedro Castilla, M. Ayala (on the Spanish, British, and Portuguese troops), Thomas Mischak and Andreas Hetzert (Prussian troops), Erwin Muilwijk (Dutch and Belgian troops), Z. Olszewski (maps, and several articles incl. "French Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery", "Austrian Troops" and others), J. Carvalho (tactics, maps, articles, incl. "Bonapartists in Americas"), Giuseppe Rava (Italy), Jason Seigers (article: "Belgians in the French army"), James Mitchell, Jr., and J. Jaye (introduction, webpolls, webmaster).
Many thanks to those who sent suggestions, interesting tidbits, photos, illustrations, etc.
If you would like for me to add anything to this website, or if you notice any mistake or have any suggestion, please contact webmaster (Please, no genealogy questions).

"My motto has always been:
A career open to all talents,
without distinctions of birth."
"Be successful !"
Napoleon Bonaparte

God Bless America


Number of visitors yearly:
in 2001 - 5,555 [old counter]
in 2002 - 12,000 (17,555) [old counter]
in 2003 - 19.990 (37,545) [old counter]
in 2004 - 28.210 (65,755)
in 2005 - 51,400 (117,155)
in 2006 - 61,800 (178,955)
We hope that in 2007 approx. 100.000 people will visit our website.

Visitors by nationality (for May 2007)
[In the previous years there have been some notable fluctuations in the number of visitors from various countries. For example in 2006 we had quite suddenly a large increase of visitors from China and Japan, while those from Near Asia and from the Arab countries unexpectedly decreased. Consistent numbers of visitors are from Canada, France, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Italy and the Scandanavian countries.
Steadily growing is the number of visitors from the UK, Spain and Germany.]
Below is a list of top 30 out of 80 countries (May 2007).
1. USA - 803 visitors
2. UK - 490 visitors
3. Germany - 340 visitors
4. Canada - 304 visitors
5. Spain - 265 visitors
6. Poland - 255 visitors
7. Italy - 230 visitors
8. France - 160 visitors
9. Sweden - 140 visitors
10 Russia - 120 visitors
11. China
12. Israel
13. Holland
14. Latvia
15. Australia
16. Belgium
17. Denmark
18. Argentine
19. Switzerland
20. Finland
21. Hungary
22. Romania
23. India
24. Norway
25. Austria
26. Japan
27. Croatia
28. Serbia
29. Brazil
30. Czech Republic

Map IP Address

The French Army ~ French Infantry ~ French Artillery ~ French Cavalry
French Guard Artillery ~ French Guard Cavalry ~ French Guard Infantry
Polish Army - Part 1 ~ Polish Army - Part 2 ~ Lancers of the Old Guard ~ "Picadors of the Hell"
Napoleon's Foreign Infantry: Irish Legion, Polish Vistula Legion, The Swiss, Tirailleurs Corses, Tirailleurs du P.
Bonapartist Refugees in America: Texas, Mexico, and Guatemala
Les Compagnies de Chasseurs des Regiments d'Infanterie
Belgians in the French army

Russian Army. ~ Russian Infantry. ~ Russian Cavalry. ~ Russian Artillery. ~ Russian Guards. ~ Cossacks !
Austrian Army. ~ Austrian Infantry. ~ Austrian Cavalry. ~ Austrian Artillery
British Army, Infantry. ~ British Cavalry. ~ British Artillery ~ Royal Navy
Prussian Army ~ Prussian Infantry ~ Prussian Cavalry. ~ Prussian Artillery
Waterloo - The German Victory. ~ "Just Don't Mention the Prussians."
Il Congresso di Vienna

Bonaparte's blitzkrieg in Italy, 1796
Battle of Heilsberg 1807 ~ Battle of Somosierra 1808 ~ Battle of Raszyn 1809 ~ Battle of Corunna 1809 ~ Battle of Wagram 1809
Battle of Fuengirola 1810. ~ Napoleon's Invasion of Russia, 1812 ~ Battle of Borodino 1812 ~ Battle of Hagelberg 1813
Battle of Dennewitz 1813 ~ Battle of Dresden 1813 ~ Battle of the Nations: LEIPZIG 1813 ~ War in Spain
Battle of La Rothiere 1814 ~ Battle of Paris 1814 ~ Battle of Ligny, 1815 ~ Battle of Quatre Bras 1815 ~ Battle of Waterloo 1815

Napoleon's Strategy and Tactics.
Infantry Tactics and Combat (musket fire, bayonets) ~ Infantry Tactics and Combat (lines, columns, squares, skirmish)
Cavalry Tactics and Combat (Part 1) ~ Cavalry Tactics and Combat (Part 2)
Artillery Tactics and Combat

French and Russian Order of Battle - Heilsberg 1807
French and Russian Order of Battle - Borodino 1812
French Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813 [1]
French Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813 [2]
Russian Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813
Allies Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813
French Order of Battle - La Rothiere 1814
Allies Order of Battle - La Rothiere 1814
Prussian Order of Battle - Waterloo Campaign
British-German-Netherland Order of Battle - Waterloo 1815

Uniforms of the Napoleonic Troops. ~ Russian Uniforms ~ Miscallenous (incl. Saxon army, various orders of battle, etc)
French vs British battles (I HATE France) ~ WebPolls and Napoleonic Books Sales Ranks ~ Humor: Major Sharpe

Full list of articles.

"Napoleon, His Army and Enemies" is a massive work in progress.
There are several sections here that aren't yet complete
but we strive to add new information all the time.

  • We do not sell anything, and we don't advertise.
  • There are currently no plans to introduce a discussion forum to the site.
  • We no longer accept articles submitted by visitors. (We don't have enough web space)
  • There are NO PLANS to expand this site to cover wargaming. (We don't have enough web space)