1. Military and History Websites.
2. Battle reenactments and reenactors.
3. Uniformology.
4. Off-topic.

  • Military Art (USA, Russia, UK, Poland, Germany) >
  • German famous panzer divisions in WW2. >

    Hussars. From folk rock group

    Military and History Websites

    Official Websites
    U . S . Army ~ Chinese Army ~ Russian Army
    German Army ~ British Army ~ French Army
    Polish Army ~ Spanish Army ~ Italian Army (French)
    GALLICA - a digital collection of books from the National Library of France. (French)
    Réglement concernant l'exercice et les manoeuvres de l'infanterie: 1791 (French)
    Memoire des hommes - indexed biographical records of French army. (French)
    "Bibliothèque Empire": "98 sites répertoriés dans 81 catégories." (French)
    John Keegan and the Grand Tradition of Trashing Clausewitz.
    Le Service Historique de l'Armée de Terre SHAT - (French)
    Napoleon.gery - Podroz w czasy Cesarstwa. (Polish)
    Napoleontische Associatie der Nederlanden. (Dutch)
    The German Napoleonic Association. (German)
    Association Belge Napoleonennie. (Belgian)
    The Napoleonic Association. (English)
    Napoleonic Literature (USA)
    L'Art de la guerre. (French)
    La Tactique. (Candian)
    Demisold Press
    Benno's Figures!
    Ardant du Picq - "Battle Studies" (A French Military Classic)
    Bronze by Eric Baret | From Heroes to Saints (Napoleonic and Civil War)
    Prussian army command and structure for beginners.
    Controversially or not about Kutuzov (Russian)
    Podmazo . Parhaiev . Voin . M. Conrad 1 . 2
    Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars
    Russo-Swedish war 1808-1809 (Italian)
    'Project 1812'. (Russian)
    'Genstab' (Russian)
    USA History 1800-1900
    US Army Military History Instsitute.
    The Early American West.
    American Forts.
    Uniforms and Weapons of the Russian Troops - by Viskovatov (Description)
    Uniforms of Italian troops during the Napoleonic Wars.
    The legendary 'Uniformenkunde' of von Richard Knötel.
    The Evolution of Napoleonic Uniforms (Austria)
    Uniforms of Prussian and Bavarian armies.
    Viskovatov's uniforms.
    Uniformes españoles.

    Wargaming, Wargames.
    From ancient to modern wars.

  • Microsoft Game Studios !
    - (Age of Empires, Rise of Nations, The Russian Front and more)
  • Microsoft's Close Combat
  • Civil War Gaming.
  • Medieval Wargaming
  • Battle of Gettysburg - Dowload Free Game
  • Pictures of Gettysburg wargames [1] [2]
  • Pictures of Stalingrad wargames [1] [2]
  • Pictures of Miniature Wargaming
  • Article: "History of Wargaming"
    - (Board Games, Computer Games, and TableTop Games)
  • The Lordz Games Studio (LGS)
    This is a privately founded game developer company.
    Their mutual interest and goal is developing fun strategy games.
    Their focus is on the Napoleonic Wars.

    Our articles.
    (Only napoleonics).

    The French Army ~ French Infantry ~ French Artillery ~ French Cavalry
    French Guard Artillery ~ French Guard Cavalry ~ French Guard Infantry
    Bonapartist Refugees in America
    Polish Army - Part 1 ~ Part 2 ~ Lancers of the Old Guard ~ "Picadors of the Hell"
    Austrian Army ~ Austrian Infantry ~ Austrian Cavalry ~ Austrian Artillery
    Russian Army ~ Russian Infantry ~ Russian Cavalry ~ Russian Artillery ~ Russian Guards ~ Cossacks
    Prussian Army ~ Prussian Infantry ~ Prussian Cavalry ~ Prussian Artillery
    Waterloo - The German Victory ~ "Just Don't Mention the Prussians"
    Heilsberg 1807 ~ Somosierra 1808 ~ Raszyn 1809 ~ Corunna 1809 ~ Wagram 1809
    Fuengirola 1810 ~ Borodino 1812 ~ Hagelberg 1813 ~ Dennewitz 1813 ~ Dresden 1813
    Battle of the Nations: LEIPZIG 1813 ~ War in Spain ~ La Rothiere 1814 ~ Paris 1814
    Ligny 1815 ~ Quatre Bras 1815 ~ Waterloo 1815
    Infantry Tactics and Combat (musket fire, bayonet attacks)
    Infantry Tactics and Combat (lines, columns, skirmish)
    Cavalry Tactics and Combat (organization, tactics, weapons)
    Cavalry Tactics and Combat (cavalry battles, skirmishes)
    Artillery Tactics and Combat (organization, weapons, tactics eyc.)
    Uniforms of the Napoleonic wars
    Les Compagnies de Chasseurs des Regiments d'Infanterie ~ Il Congresso di Vienna
    Belgians in the French army ~ Free WebPolls and Napoleonic Books Sales Ranks
    Humor: Major Sharpe
    French and Russian Order of Battle - Heilsberg 1807
    French Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813 [1]
    French Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813 [2]
    Russian Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813
    Austrian-Prussian-Swedish Order of Battle - Leipzig 1813
    French Order of Battle - La Rothiere 1814
    Allies Order of Battle - La Rothiere 1814
    Prussian Order of Battle - Waterloo Campaign
    British-German-Netherland Order of Battle - Waterloo 1815

    Full list of articles >>

  • "I love a brave soldier who has undergone the baptism of fire."
    - Napoleon


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    French 3e Compagnie du 8e Régiment d'Artillerie à Pied.
    French 10ème Escadron des Chasseurs à Cheval de la Garde.
    Polish 1er Regiment Chevauxlegere de la Garde Imperiale.
    French 3rd Grenadier Regiment of Guard.
    French 1st Chasseur-a-Cheval Regiment
    French 2nd Dragoon Regiment
    French 3rd Cuirassier Regiment
    French 3rd Line Infantry Regiment.
    French 30th Line Infantry Regiment
    French 45th Line Infantry Regiment
    French 46th Line Infantry Regiment.
    French 126th Line Inf. Regiment
    French Light artillery of the Guard.
    Legion de la Vistule.

    Russian 41st Jager Regiment.
    Russian 'S. Petersbourg' Grenadier Regiment.
    Russian Lifeguard 'Semenovski' Infantry Regiment.
    Russian Lifeguard 'Preobrashenski' Infantry Regiment.
    Russian 'Ingermanland' Dragoon Regiment.
    Russian 'Grodno' Hussar Regiment.
    Prussian 'Leib' (Life) Regiment.
    Prussian 'Brandenbourgian' Hussar Regiment.
    Prussian 'Kurmark' Infantry Landwehr Regiment.
    Austrian 'Kaunitz' Infantry Regiment.
    Austrian 'Hiller' Infantry Regiment.
    5th Prussian Brigade
    7e Bataljon Infanterie van Linie

    Marengo, 2000
    Austerlitz, 1998-2004
    Austerlitz 2005
    Borodino, 2002 1
    Borodino, 2002 2
    Borodino, 2003 3
    Leipzig, 2003 1

    "Good and decent people must be protected
    and persuaded by gentle means,
    but the rabble must be led by terror."
    - Napoleon

    "My enemies make appointments at my tomb."
    - Napoleon


    Soldatini Online
    Il portale italiano dei soldatini di plastica 1/72 per wargame e collezione.

    Waterloo 1815
    Soldatini in plastica Waterloo Rivenditore Hat in Italia- Livorno.

    Plastic Soldier Review
    Plastic Soldier Review, for news and information on 1:72 scale plastic soldiers. To find information and a review of a particular set, simply find the set using the Manufacturer or Period pages.

    Perry Miniatures

    Everything about lancers.
    History, weapons, tactics and battle performance of the lancers.
    Lancers in Poland, Russia, Germany, Spain, France and Great Britain.

    Standing Fast: German defensive doctrine on the Russian front during world war II.
    CSI Research Surveys are doctrinal research manuscripts, thematic in nature, that investigate the evolution of specific doctrinal areas of interest to the U.S. Army, Research Surveys are based on primary and secondary sources and provide the foundation for further study of a given subject.

    Military Art.
    American, English, German, Polish and Russian artists.

    * If the images don't appear click Refresh button on your screen.

    Battle of Zama 202 BC: Hannibal vs Romans.
    [It was the final and decisive battle of the Second Punic War. The Roman legions led by Scipio Africanus
    defeated a Carthaginian army led by Hannibal. Soon after this defeat on their home ground, the Carthaginians sued for peace.]

    Battle of Cannae 216 BC: Hannibal vs Romans.
    [Cannae is regarded as one of the greatest tactical feats in military history and the greatest defeat of Roman legions.
    In terms of the number of lives lost in a single day, Cannae is estimated to be within the thirty costliest battles in history.]

    Norse marauders wreak mayhem, by Tom Lovell.
    [The Norse warriors attacked the most celebrated of Irish monasteries, the Clonmacnoise.
    These invaders came from Norway, Denmark, Iceland and Sweden.]

    Battle of Hastings 1066, by Tom Lovell.
    [Battle of Hastings was the decisive Norman victory in the conquest of England.
    The Normans came from northern France, and at Hastings they defeated the English army.
    The sheriff of London, and Edgar the Atheling, who had been elected king,
    all came out and submitted to the Normans before they reached London.]

    Battle of Norringen 1288.
    [Battle of Norringen was one of the largest battles in Europe in the Middle Ages.
    John of Brabant and Henry of Luxemburg met. In this fight, Henry was killed by a Brabant knight.
    Soon after that, the archbishop of Cologne entered the battle and was captured.]

    Teutonic Knights.
    [The Teutonic Knights "Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem"
    was a German Roman-Catholic religious order formed at the end of the 12th century in Palestine.
    They were a crusading military order and wore white surcoats with with a black cross.
    The Order moved to Transylvania in 1211 to help defend Hungary against the Cumans.
    The knights then arrived to Prussia, and became involved in many campaigns against
    Poland, Lithuania, and Novgorod.]

    Battle of Grunwald 1410, by Wojciech Kossak.
    [At Grunwald the Polish knights and Lithuanian light cavalry defeated the fearsome Teutonic knights.
    There were also mercenaries from France and Germany. It was probably the greatest medieval battle in Europe.
    The Teutonic Order never recovered its former power.]

    Teutonic knights versus Polish knights.
    Photos from reenactments in 2001-2005.

    Battle of Towton 1461, by Graham Turner.
    [The Battle of Towton in the Wars of the Roses
    was the largest and bloodiest ever fought on British soil,
    with casualties believed to have been in excess of 20,000 men.]

    * If the images don't appear click Refresh button on your screen.

    The Cossacks in Wild Steppes, 1660s. Picture by Joseph Brandt.
    [Russia, the Ottoman Empire and Poland tried to exploit Cossack warmongering for its own purposes.
    Cossacks for their part were mostly happy to plunder everybody more or less equally.]

    Battle of Culloden 1746, by David Rowlands.
    [Battle of Culloden was the final clash between the French-supported Jacobites,
    most of them Highland Scots, and the Hanoverian British Government.
    Culloden brought the Jacobite cause - to restore the House of Stuart
    to the throne of the Kingdom of Britain - to a decisive defeat.]

    Napoleon's return from Russia 1812, by Jerzy Kossak.
    [The French invasion of Russia in 1812 was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars.
    The campaign reduced the mighty Napoleonic Grande Armee to a tiny fraction of their initial strength.]

    Battle of Solferino 1859.
    [Over 215,000 soldiers fought in this important battle. The political context was the struggle to unify Italy.
    The French and Sardinian armies defeated Austrian troops. Reports of wounded and dying soldiers being shot
    or bayoneted on both sides added to the horror.
    This battle would have a long-term effect on the future conduct of military actions. Mr Dunant, who witnessed the battle
    in person, was motivated by the horrific suffering of wounded soldiers left on the battlefield to begin a campaign that would
    eventually result in the Geneva Conventions and the establishment of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movements.]

    "Missing" - by Frederic Remington.
    [The wars between the Sioux Indians and the US Army occurred between 1854 and 1890.
    The Sioux were led by famous chiefs and warriors, Little Crow, Crazy Horse, Red Cloud
    Sitting Bull, Pawnee Killer and others. The US troops were led by Generals Crook, Custer,
    Terry, Miles and others. The most known battles are: Wagon Box, Fetterman, Rosebud, Little Bighorn
    and the siege of Fort Phil Kearney.]

    Sons of Erin in 1862, by Don Troiani.
    [The advance of the Irish Brigade toward Bloody Lane. The slaughter at Bloody Lane became one of the most memorable
    and tragic events of the battle of Antietam and the American Civil War. Antietam was was the first major battle in the ACW.]

    Battle of Gettysburg, by Don Troiani.
    [The 6th Wisconsin fight with the 2nd Mississippi for possession of the colors at Gettysburg, 1863.
    Gettysburg was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War and is frequently cited
    as the war's turning point. When the news reached Europe, any lingering hopes of European recognition
    of the Confederacy were finally abandoned.]

    Tanks of WW 1.
    [The stalemate on the Western Front prompted the British Army to begin research into a self-propelled
    vehicle which could cross trenches, crush barbed wire, and be impervious to machine-gun fire.
    The French developed the Schneider CA1, and first used it on 16 April 1917. German forces initially lacked
    countermeasures, though they did discover solid anti-tank shot, and introduced wider trenches to limit the British tanks'
    mobility. Germany fielded very few tanks during World War I.]

    Tiger Tracks, by Robert Bailey.
    [Tiger I is the common name of a German heavy tank. The initial official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen VI.
    Tigers were capable of destroying their most common opponents, the American Sherman tank, or British Churchill at ranges exceeding 1,600 m.
    In contrast, the Soviet T-34 equipped with the 76 mm gun could not penetrate the Tiger frontally, but could achieve a side penetration at 500 m.
    The American Sherman's 75 mm gun could not penetrate the Tiger frontally, and needed to be within 500 m to achieve a side penetration.
    The great penetrating power of the Tiger's gun meant that it could destroy many of its opponents at ranges at which they could not respond. ]
    Excellent article on Tigers, tactics, technology, etc.

    The Vietnam War.
    [The American War in Vietnam occurred from 1959 to April 1975.]

    Hell's Comin' with Me, by Michael Harris.
    [US tanks in Iraq.]

    Through the Hands of Victory, by David Pentland.
    [US troops parade in Baghdad, Iraq.]

    ** If the images don't appear click Refresh button on your screen.

    German famous divisions in World War 2

    SS Panzer Division - Das Reich On photo: the German "Das Reich SS Panzer Division" is infamous for the massacre of 642 French civilians in Oradour-sur-Glane in 1944. All the townspeople were assembled near the village centre, ostensibly to have their papers examined. All the women and children were taken to the church while the village itself was looted by the soldiers. Meanwhile, the men were led to barns. The soldiers began shooting at them, aiming for their legs so that they would die more slowly. Once the victims were no longer able to move, the soldiers covered their bodies with kindling and set the barns on fire. The soldiers then proceeded to the church and put an incendiary device in place there. After it was ignited, the surviving women and children tried to flee from the doors and windows but were met with machine-gun fire.

      Some better known German divisions of WW2:
    • Panzer Grenadier Division "Großdeutschland" (Great Germany) was the premier division of the Germany Army. It is sometimes mistakenly perceived as being a part of the SS. Großdeutschland and Lehr were the best equipped divisions receiving equipment before all other units, including SS units. It served exclusively on the Eastern Front, including the famous gigantic tank-battle at Kursk. Near Iasi the Großdeutschland and the Totenkopf managed, amazingly, to halt an armoured assault by the Red Army and inflict a loss of as many as 400 tanks for the price of only 11 panzers ! (In July 1944 during the Operation Goodwood the British and Canadian tanks and bombers destroyed 109 German tanks, for the loss of 413 tanks.) This division however was annihilated by the Russians few years later.
    • 1. SS Panzer Division "Leib-standarte Adolf Hitler." This unit was given the title of "Adolf Hitler" in honor of the division position within the hierarchy of the Third Reich, and because of it long standing as Hitler's elite personal body guard. Subunits of this division fought hard and with a great success against the Poles, French and the Russians. In 1943 it was sent to rescue the crumbling situation on the Eastern Front. A massive Soviet Winter offensive then managed to encircle the division, and only a counter-attack by the II. SS-Panzer-Korps rescued them from certain death. Once again, the LAH was moved to France for rest and refitting. Then it fought against the numerically superior Americans, Brits and Canadians.
    • 2. SS Panzer Division "Das Reich." It is one of the most well-known and researched of all the SS divisions. Das Reich was composed of some of the best, most well trained and battle-hardened troops in the world at the time. The symbol for the Das Reich division was the wolf's hook. The Das Reich fought brilliantly in France and in Russia. The few remnants of the division surrendered to the Americans in May 1945.
    • 3. SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf." (Death's Head) The division is infamous due to its insignia (Death's Head) and the fact that most of the initial enlisted men were SS concentration camp guards. In 1940 the Totenkopf men fought fanatically in France. Within a week of this initial commitment the division's first war crime had already been committed. (They machine-gunned 97 out of 99 British soldiers after they had surrendered to them.) In 1941 the Totenkopf suffered so greatly in the ferocious fighting on the Eastern Front that, due to its reduced size, it was re-designated Kampfgruppe Eicke. At Demjansk, about 80% of its soldiers were killed in action ! The remnants of the Division were pulled out of action in late October, 1942 and sent to France to be refitted. In February 1943 Totenkopf was transferred back to the Eastern Front. It was involved in some incredibly ferocious battles with the Russians. Near Iasi the Großdeutschland and the Totenkopf managed, amazingly, to halt an armoured assault by the Red Army and inflict a loss of as many as 400 tanks for the price of only 11 panzers ! (In July 1944 during the Operation Goodwood the British and Canadian tanks and bombers destroyed 109 German tanks, for the loss of 413 tanks.)
    • 5. SS Panzer Division "Wiking." Due to the influx of foreign volunteers, particularly from Denmark, Holland, Estonia, Sweden and Norway, a decision was made to form a volunteer SS division. The division was formed around three motorised regiments: Germania, formed mostly from Germans; Westland consisting Dutch and Flemish volunteers; and Nordland, comprised mostly of Danes, Swedes and Norwegians. This division fought hard on the Eastern Front.
    • 12. SS Panzer Division "Hitler Jugend." (Hitler Youth) It was unique because the majority of its junior enlisted men were drawn from members of the Hitler Youth, while the NCOs and officers were veterans of the Eastern Front.Many of the recruits were so young that they were supplied with sweets and candies instead of the standard tobacco and alcohol ration. This division fought on the Western Front and in Hungary. In a final act of defiance, the division refused to drape their vehicles with white flags, as the Americans had ordered.
    • Fallschirm-Panzer-Division.1 Hermann Göring (1st Paratroop Panzer Division H.Goering) . It was an élite Luftwaffe armoured division and the creation of Marschall Hermann Goring.
    • Panzer Division "Lehr" was not SS unit. It was formed in 1943 from various units of training troops (Lehr = "teach") and became one of the élite divisions in the army. The Lehr was never sent to the Eastern Front. In the Battle of St. Lo the American bombers had the division boxed into a single map grid and pulverized that grid continuously for 2 days with heavy bombs, annhilating virtually the Lehr.

    Deposition of captured 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler standards by Soviet soldiers near the Kremlin Wall during the Victory Parade in 1945. (source:
    Displays of the Red Army aircraft, tanks and armored vehicles were some of the focal points of the ceremony. One of the most famous moments at the end of the troops parade took place when various Red Army soldiers carried the banners of Nazi Germany and threw them down next to the Mausoleum. One of the standards that were tossed down belonged to the Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler, Hitler's personal bodyguard raised to divisional size.
    Marshals Zhukov, who had formally accepted the German surrender to the Soviet Union, and Rokossovski, rode through the parade ground on white and black stallion, respectively.

    Battle of Moscow 1941

    and something peaceful ... :-)